Alliance for Global Water Adaptation; Stockholm International Water Institute; The Rockefeller Foundation and UNESCO International Hydrological Programme
International and regional crises and conflicts, and changes in the environment and climate, are threats to water security and sustainable growth. Massive political and economic consequences accrue from regional tensions in transboundary basins, in part resulting from human pressure on finite water resources. Conflicts at the national level often relate to water resources (among others) and climate variability, which becomes even more apparent in situations of weak governance.
The effects of climate change risk increasing the problems. The outcome of the UNFCCC COP 21 will therefore be important for future management of these threats. Resilience to climate change goes beyond mere adaptation measures and into the core of societies. What mechanisms can promote growth under situations characterized by conflict and change? How do transboundary and domestic challenges differ? What type of water management is required to promote economic development?
The seminar will address challenges to achieving water security under situations of crisis and change, with particular focus on water. This includes sustainable growth in conflict zones, climate change adaptation, knock-on effects of crisis situations beyond the country/region and achieving resilient water management in conflict and crisis areas.
Please find the posters connected to the seminar under Resources.
Understanding water insecurity
Chair: Dr. Anil Mishra, UNESCO-IHP
Moderator: Dr. Anders Jägerskog, Embassy of Sweden, Jordan and Sida
Dr. Anil Mishra, UNESCO-IHP
11:05 Water Wars? Lessons from MENA
Dr. Joost Hiltermann, International Crisis Group
11:20 Attaining water security in fragile contexts
Dr. Claudia W. Sadoff, The World Bank
11:35 Reducing transboundary frictions through assessing
intersectoral links, trade-offs, and benefits
Dr. Annukka Lipponen, UNECE
11:45 Achieving sustainable growth in post-conflict and refugee-
Shigeyuki Matsumoto, Japan International Cooperation Agency
11:55 Climate, Drought, and Drinking Water: Survey Results from
Amanda Fencl, University of California- Davis
11:57 Groundwater under the pressures of humanity and climate
Tales Carvalho Resende, UNESCO
11:59 Drought relief and bulk water distribution strategies for South
Dr. Jan Adriaan Swanepoel, Department of Water and
Sanitation, South Africa
12:01 Civil society engagement in sustainable transboundary water
Dr. Yumiko Yasuda, International Centre for Water
Cooperation/The Hague Institute for Global Justice
12:03 Water related crimes and threats in Europe,
Dr. Lorenzo Segato, RiSSC
12:05 Water Services to assist decision makers in Africa,
Dr. Abou Amani, UNESCO
12:07 Interactive discussion
On the 28th of August, 2016, the seminar “water security in a changing world: coping with threats” took place. The first session of the seminar, entitled “understanding water insecurity”, introduced the concept of water security, contextualizing it in our current changing world, in terms of both political and physical aspects. The presenters provided an overview of the international and regional crises and conflicts, changes in the environment and climate, which are contributing to create situations of water insecurity. In particular, this session outlined the inter-linkages between conflicts and crisis with water insecurity.
The second session, entitled “threats to water security: context and crisis,” further analysed the different types of threats to water security. This session explored what we can see as threats to water security. It contextualized this with other threats coming from changing conditions, such as conflict, forced migrations, and climate change. The presenters showed the political and economic consequences that accrue from regional tensions in transboundary basins, in part resulting from human pressure on finite water resources. Conflicts at the national level often relate to water resources (among others) and climate variability, which becomes even more apparent in situations of weak governance.
The third session, entitled “achieving water security,” addressed solutions to achieving water security in a changing world. It discussed different overviews of how potential solutions may look like, what are key ingredients to increasing resiliency, what makes them sustainable, discussing whether they could be applied in conflict zones.
The main messages that emerged from this seminar are:
Some highlights that emerged during the seminar are: