The Rockefeller Foundation;
International and regional crises and conflicts, and changes in the environment and climate, are threats to water security and sustainable growth. Massive political and economic consequences accrue from regional tensions in transboundary basins, in part resulting from human pressure on finite water resources. Conflicts at the national level often relate to water resources (among others) and climate variability, which becomes even more apparent in situations of weak governance.
The effects of climate change risk increasing the problems. The outcome of the UNFCCC COP 21 will therefore be important for future management of these threats. Resilience to climate change goes beyond mere adaptation measures and into the core of societies. What mechanisms can promote growth under situations characterized by conflict and change? How do transboundary and domestic challenges differ? What type of water management is required to promote economic development?
The seminar will address challenges to achieving water security under situations of crisis and change, with particular focus on water. This includes sustainable growth in conflict zones, climate change adaptation, knock-on effects of crisis situations beyond the country/region and achieving resilient water management in conflict and crisis areas.
Please find the posters connected to the seminar under Resources.
Threats to water security: context and crisis
Chair: Dr. John Matthews, AGWA
Moderator: Hussam Hussein, University of East Anglia
Dr. John Matthews, AGWA
14:05 Water Security in a changing world – risks and opportunities for
the water sector and beyond
Dr. Susanne Schmeier, GIZ
14: 20 Water security in protracted crises: A threat to future stability
and sustainable development
Michael Talhami, ICRC
14:35 The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam and challenges of
Mina Michel Samaan, Technical University of Braunschweig
14:45 Can third parties resolve transboundary conflicts in the
Paula Hanasz, Australian National University
14:55 Water Scarcity and Violent Extremism in Nigeria,
Dr. Marcus King, George Washington University
15:05 Water stewardship in securing our shared water future,
Sibusiso Xaba, Department of water and sanitation, South
15:07 Offshore Aquifers: Enhancing Water Security or Creating
Renee Martin-Nagle, University of Strathclyde
15: 09 The International Water Security: an approach for multilevel
Dr. Kleverton Melo de Carvalho, Federal University of Sergipe
15:11 Managing Adaptation within International Rivers: The Role of
Dr. Sabine Blumstein, Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental
Research – UFZ and Adelphi
15:13 Interactive discussion
On the 28th of August, 2016, the seminar “water security in a changing world: coping with threats” took place. The first session of the seminar, entitled “understanding water insecurity”, introduced the concept of water security, contextualizing it in our current changing world, in terms of both political and physical aspects. The presenters provided an overview of the international and regional crises and conflicts, changes in the environment and climate, which are contributing to create situations of water insecurity. In particular, this session outlined the inter-linkages between conflicts and crisis with water insecurity.
The second session, entitled “threats to water security: context and crisis,” further analysed the different types of threats to water security. This session explored what we can see as threats to water security. It contextualized this with other threats coming from changing conditions, such as conflict, forced migrations, and climate change. The presenters showed the political and economic consequences that accrue from regional tensions in transboundary basins, in part resulting from human pressure on finite water resources. Conflicts at the national level often relate to water resources (among others) and climate variability, which becomes even more apparent in situations of weak governance.
The third session, entitled “achieving water security,” addressed solutions to achieving water security in a changing world. It discussed different overviews of how potential solutions may look like, what are key ingredients to increasing resiliency, what makes them sustainable, discussing whether they could be applied in conflict zones.
The main messages that emerged from this seminar are:
Some highlights that emerged during the seminar are: