Stockholm International Water Institute
Building Partnerships for Development in Water and Sanitation and Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity; International Water Association; Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor and WaterAid
Planning of water and wastewater systems in the future sustainable city is closely connected with the urban planning. Urban planners may facilitate clever water and sanitation management; water planners may offer opportunities to protect and beautify the city.
This seminar will bring together water managers and urban planners from Europe, Asia and Africa for showcasing good examples and discussing development and co-operation. The objective of the seminar is to highlight the need and benefits of integrating and emphasizing water, in a wide sense, in the planning of cities of the future. The seminar focuses on the intersection between urban spatial planning and the planning, design and operation of sustainable urban water and sanitation systems. The following issues will be highlighted:
The seminar will include presentations by urban planners and water managers in innovative cities, followed by a panel discussion.
Chairperson: Mr Ken Caplan, BPD
09:00 Opening Comments and Welcoming Speeches. Mr. Tom Williams, IWA, Mr. Timeyin Uwejamomere, WaterAid and Dr. Marianne Kjellén, SIWI
09:45 Building Water-Smart Cities: Urban Africa Re-imagined. Ms. Akissa Bahri, AWF
10:00 Water and Future Cities: an OECD Perspective. Mr. Anthony Cox, OECD
10:15 Implementation of Water Policies and Practices in Lagos, Nigeria. Honourable Commissioner Mr. Olutoyin Ayinde, Ministry of Physical Planning and Urban Development, Nigeria
10:30 Coffee Break
Chairperson: Mr. Glen Daigger, IWA
11:00 Inclusive Urban Planning for Water and Sanitation – Lessons from South Asia and Africa. Mr. Timeyin Uwejamomere, WaterAid
11:15 Water as an Integrated Part of the Planning of the city of Växjö, Sweden. Ms. Malin Engström, City of Växjö Sweden
11.30 Panel Discussion
11.55 Closing Remarks. Prof. Per-Arne Malmqvist, SIWI
The seminar included introductory remarks by the IWA, WaterAid and SIWI, overview/perspective presentations by the African Water Facility and OECD, and case studies from Nigeria and Sweden.
The situations differ vastly in different parts of the world and between high- and low-income parts of the world. Yet, there were a range of common points, summarised as follows:
1/ The densely populated urban areas and city cores offer opportunities and challenges that differ from the lower density peri-urban and rural areas. Dense cities offer great possibilities for effective planning and implementation of efficient technical solutions – and often have resources for doing this. Small towns and sub-urban areas require another set of solutions, often small-scale locally developed. This holds for Nigeria as well as Sweden.
2/ The keys to success are planning and engagement.
Water must come very early in the city planning, whether it is an existing part of the city or new ‘green-field’ developments, whether it concerns drinking water, waste or stormwater. This is often not the case today.
3/ Collaboration at all levels is another key factor, between administrations, between public and private players, and between people of the city. The water administrations must engage all other relevant administrations, e.g. the city planners and those working with solid waste, energy, transport and other environmental issues.
4/ In order to secure a wide acceptance for a plan or a technical solution, and even have city dwellers pay for it one way or the other, there must be trust in the administrations and the decision makers, as well as confidence in the technologies and selected solutions. Participation in the processes is then important, as is demonstration of suggested technologies.
5/ A greater focus on specific areas or groups of people was put forward as a potential way to help urban planners and water managers come together to solve locally identified problems, together with existing inhabitants, e.g. in informal areas of low-income urban areas.
Generally, there is a conviction that it is quite possible to provide all urban dwellers with safe drinking water, sanitation and drainage, given political will and resources. This is in fact what the World Water Week is all about – to provide a platform to develop alliances for policies and resources to be channelled towards a more water-wise world. .
Finally, resolving the sanitation situation, along with waste and stormwater imperatives, the city will become a good place for everybody to live in, even if it will take some time.