Forests, water and sustainable growth of cities
Sustainable growth of cities require sustainably managed forests in their watersheds. Cities depend on forests for goods such as food, energy – and water. Restored and sustainably managed forests in cities watersheds can provide cost effective solutions to enhance the quality and quantity of operation of traditional “grey” water infrastructure.
We will give examples from the large cities Sao Paolo, Kathmandu, Nairobi and Tirana who already justify watershed protection as a viable complement to build infrastructure to maintain water supplies. Because forests play key roles in the water cycle and balance water flows, forests can be an extremely important tool for managing water supply, maintain quality, and mitigating hazards. Forests can provide cost effective solutions to complement and enhance the operation of more traditional ‘grey’ infrastructure for water. Water treatment costs increase significantly as forest cover in a watershed declines, and water treatment and flood control costs can be avoided through watershed protection.
We will also invite the audience in a discussion on how local and regional stakeholder dialogues can ssupport governance systems which enable protection, restoration and sustainably managed forests in cities watersheds and how this can contribute to sustainable growth of cities and their surrounding landscapes.
Lotta Samuelson, Programme Manager, SIWI Swedish Water House
14:05 The importance of forests for sustainable access to clean water in cities
Anders Malmer, Director, SLU GLobal
14:15 Case Studies:
Colorado - Partnerships for addressing urban water risk through sustainable forest management, Jan Cassin, Director, Water Initiative, Forest Trends.
Nepal - Valuing ecosystem services in local water use decisions in Nepali mid-hill towns,Shahriar Wahid, ICIMOD
- Nairobi/Tana Valley - Investing in watershed health through PPP, Daniel Shemie, Strategy Director Water Funds, the Nature Conservancy
- Tirana - Piloting of landscape restoration measures and watershed payments to conserve water resources, improve water availability and quality, and reduce flooding and sedimentation, Drita Dade,Senior Natural Resource Management Specialist at the World Bank Office Albania
15:00 Discussion; "How can forests contribute more to the sustainable water supply of cities?"
Moderated by Elaine Springgay, Forestry Officer, FAO
Mats Eriksson, Director, SIWI
Interactions between forests, water and cities
- Forest landscapes are vital to secure safe and clean water delivery. More unpredictable rainfall, floods or severe forest fires impact water supply and water quality in cities downstream.
- Water is both a needed resource and hazard for cities. Forest can contribute to a stable water supply and reduce the hazards of floods and land-slides.
- Developing and restoring peri-urban landscapes require different approaches depending on biophysical and socio-economic setting.
Stakeholder engagement and collaboration
- There is a need to address upstream and downstream linkages by connecting those stakeholders who are using the water and those stakeholders who provide water.
- Different public and private partnerships and institutional set-ups are key to address priorities, costs and challenges in the forest-water landscape.
- We need to work on reconnecting people with the land and address the links between the urban and rural settings.
- Peer-peer conversations are critical to encourage collaboration and bridge communication gaps among different stakeholders.
- There are many similarities in various forest-water management approaches between continents supporting opportunities for cross-learning between regions.
- We need to make sure forest-water interventions can be replicated elsewhere.
- To understand linkages between urban-rural, and upstream-downstream, illustrative examples are needed on a local level.
- We need to learn more about the interlinkages between forests and water and highlight forest values beyond forest products. In each situation there is a need for an optimum balance between trees effect on soil improvement and their water use.
The role of education and research
- The research community needs to be more proactive and long-term with regard to natural resource management. Research and data are needed to back up decisions and commitments.
- We must improve our education systems and better engage with others outside our own spheres to highlight and understand links between different ecosystem services. People and organizations that can understand and explain the wider picture of cities connection to upstream areas are an important asset.
- Social media can be a powerful tool to inform and convey messages about forests and water.
Intermediate tree cover can maximize groundwater recharge in the seasonally dry tropicsA scientific report on optimum tree cover to maximize groundwater recharge. In contrast to the prevailing view, the study show that moderate tree cover can increase groundwater recharge, and that tree planting and various tree management options can impro
FAO Forest and Water Action PlanThe Forests and Water: a Five year Action Plan calls for the tangible integration of science, policy and practice related to forest water interactions. It emerged from the discussions and recommendations of the Forests and Water Agenda, which encourages g
Piloting of Landscape Restoration and Watershed Payments in AlbaniaDrita Dade, World Bank Office, Albania
Close Knit Relationship - Forests, Water and Nairobi CityFred Kihara, the Nature Conservancy
The importance of forests for sustainable access to clean water in citiesAnders Malmer, SLU Global
Valuing ecosystem services in local water use decisions in Nepali mid-hill townsShahriar Wahid, ICIMOD
SIWI Swedish Water House Cluster Group on Forests and Water webpagehttp://www.swedishwaterhouse.se/en/cluster-groups/water-forests/
The Swedish Water House (SWH) Cluster Group for Forests and Water bring together Swedish expertise in forest-related water management. The core group has organized seminars and workshops where more than 100 Swedish and International water and forest prof
FAO Forest and Water Programme webpagewww.fao.org/2/ForestsAndWater.
The Forests and Water programme takes a holistic approach, integrating forest-water science, policy and practice. It advocates for the recognition of forest-water interactions and the role trees and forests play in maintaining resilient landscapes and pr
Swedish Forestry Agency webpagehttp://www.skogsstyrelsen.se/en/
It is the task of the Swedish Forest Agency to ensure that the nation’s forests are managed in such a way as to yield an abundant, versatile and sustainable harvest, while at the same time exercising due consideration for the environment and other valuab
International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) webpagehttp://www.icimod.org/
ICIMOD is a regional intergovernmental learning and knowledge sharing centre serving the eight regional member countries of the Hindu Kush Himalayas – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan – and based in Kathmandu, N
SLU Global webpagehttp://www.slu.se/en/international/slu-global/
SLU Global coordinates and supports the Swedish Universities for Agricultural Science's research and education aiming at developing the agricultural sector in low-income countries.
Forest, Climate, and Livelihood reserach network (Focali) webpagehttp://www.focali.se/en
Focali is a Swedish research network focusing on forest / bio-energy, climate change and poverty issues. Several Swedish universities and institutions are represented in the network. The purpose is to contribute to the provision of relevant knowledge to
Swedish International Agricultural Network Initiative (SIANI) webpagehttp://siani.se/
SIANI is a member-based network that supports and promotes Swedish expertise on sustainable food security and nutrition, in line with the Swedish Government’s policy on global development.
Forest Trends webpagehttp://www.forest-trends.org/
Forest Trends' mission is to conserve forests and other ecosystems through the creation and wide adoption of a broad range of environmental finance, markets and other payment and incentive mechanisms
SSC Forestry webpagehttp://www.ssc-forestry.com/
Coordinated from our offices in Europe, Latin America and Africa, SSC Forestry can provide you with the most cost-effective solutions based on our worldwide network of more than 60 specialist consultants
Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) webpagehttp://www.cifor.org/
CIFOR is a non-profit, scientific facility that conducts research on the most pressing challenges of forest and landscape management around the world. Using a global, multidisciplinary approach, we aim to improve human well-being, protect the environment