CLTS Knowledge Hub / United Nations Children’s Fund

Subsidies revisited: Supporting the poorest and most vulnerable in CLTS

Wednesday 30 August | 14.00-15.30 | Room: FH Little Theatre
Toilet built by disabled man and family in village outside Tacloban, Philippines. Credit: Jamie Myers

Prior to the introduction of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS), sanitation interventions were supply-driven with households often given upfront hardware subsides usually leading to a lack of ownership, uneven adoption and problems with long-term sustainability. CLTS focused on community mobilisation instead of hardware, and shifted the focus from toilet construction for individual households to the creation of open defecation free villages. In order to do this, CLTS, and its many advocates, have taken a strong position against the use of individual household subsides. However, recent sustainability studies have highlighted that ODF status is often fragile with those most likely to revert back to open defecation being the poorest, marginalised and most disadvantaged.

In May 2017 UNICEF and the CLTS Knowledge Hub, based at the Institute of Development Studies, co-convened an Asian focused workshop to share experience and learning on ways that the poorest within communities can be supported. During this session at World Water Week we will summarise the discussion, reflect on the workshop and present cutting edge thinking on financing for the poorest within CLTS programming. The event will be highly interactive and participants will be encouraged to ask questions, contribute from their own experiences and comment throughout.


14:00 Introduction: Why are we looking at different support mechanisms?
Jamie Myers, CLTS Knowledge Hub 

14:10 Strengthening CLTS processes vs. introducing support mechanisms
Robert Chambers, CLTS Knowledge Hub 

14:20 Emerging Principles

Michael Gnilo, UNICEF HQ

14:30 Round table discussion on the following themes:

- Reflections on strengthening CLTS processes and internal support mechanisms

- Feedback on emerging principles: What is missing?

- Research gaps and ways forward

14.10 Plenary discussion

14.25 Summary and wrap-up