Addressing conflict risks in climate adaptation and mitigation efforts
When the UNSC first identified climate change as a ‘threat multiplier’ this led to a surge of responses: the security agenda was abused to get climate change on the agenda while evidence was lacking. Now, 10 years later, the question is no longer whether climate change can exacerbate conflict risks. It is accepted that in certain contexts, climate change can, mostly through changes in water availability, affect social and economic conditions. This may then lead to an increase in societal inequity, social disruption, migration and sometimes even violent conflict. Mitigation and adaptation activities such as the construction of reservoirs or production of biofuel can displace people and redistribute water which may aggravate tensions between users. The main question of interest has therefore shifted to how adaptation and mitigation efforts can be shaped in such a way that they contribute to reducing those risks instead of further exacerbating tensions.
This event will address this question by presenting sound and unfortunate examples from practice, global scale tools to identify conflict risks, and by discussing the possible role and knowledge needs of international finance providers to account for and reduce conflict risks.
Louise van Schaik, Clingendael
14:05 Violent conflicts: Caused by water scarcity and climate change?
Sophie de Bruin, PBL
14:15 Areas of potential future water-related conflict risks
Karen Meijer, Deltares
14:25 Bridging humanitarian and development assistance in the water sector Focus on response or prevention?
Anders Jägerskog, The World Bank Group
14:35 Enhancing climate and conflict resilience at local level
Sanne Vermeulen, Cordaid
14:45 Interactive discussion
15:30 End of session