Investing in freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity: A key development challenge
Conserving biodiversity and freshwater related ecosystem services is essential to help achieve the goals of Agenda 2030. Equally, ecosystems and the freshwater services they provide will be needed to achieve the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). Freshwater management is key for protecting and sustaining biodiversity. At the same time healthy ecosystems play a critical role in maintaining freshwater quantity and quality, and thereby support an array of productive uses essential for economic development. The negative impact of development activities on freshwater biodiversity has increased dramatically over the last 40 years. A range of dilemmas is apparent in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Achieving food security and reducing energy poverty is likely to create multiple trade-offs for freshwater management, biodiversity, and freshwater ecosystem services. Yet to achieve the ambition of the SDGs society must adopt wiser strategies for managing freshwater systems.
James Dalton, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
16:05 Key note: Investing in freshwater ecosystems and biodiversity: a key development challenge” – the Cubango-Okavango River Basin Case Study
Ebenizário Chonguiça, Executive Secretary, Permanent Okavango River Basin Water Commission
16:15 Panel discussion Moderator: James Dalton, International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Karolina Skog, Swedish Minister on Environment
Sam Kanyamibwa, Albertine Rift Conservation Society (ARCOS)
Franz-Birger Marré, German Federal Ministry For Economic Cooperation And Development (BMZ)
Canisius Kanangire. African Ministers' Council on Water (AMCOW)
17:15 Conclusions or wrap-up
Louise Karlberg, Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), and
Karin Lexen, Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC)
17:30 End of session.
Healthy ecosystems play a critical role in maintaining freshwater quantity and quality, and thereby support an array of productive uses essential for economic development; however, insights in the critical role of healthy freshwater ecosystems for development and prosperity is commonly very low. Generally, the concept of biodiversity is not well understood, and historically shortsighted economic growth has been given priority over preserving ecosystems and species.
An illustrative example from the Lake Tana area demonstrated how development in terms of agricultural activities and hydroelectric power generation, exasperated by climate change and a rapidly growing population, exerts pressure on biodiversity and freshwater ecosystems, and thereby constitute a risk for losing income from a growing tourism industry and threaten livelihoods and jobs for local fishermen.
This calls for a radical change to how we manage freshwater ecosystems. Transformative alliances, such as those formed between entrepreneurs, investors, scientist, policy-makers and practitioners, can be drivers of change, as well as new institutions reframing the systems e.g. nature-based solutions and green bonds.
Business models that combine the preservation of the aquatic environment with income generation from public services have proven to be successful in meeting both biodiversity and economic targets. An example from Morocco demonstrates an affordable approach to the preservation of the aquatic environment and access to sanitation services achieved thanks to the integration of waste-water treatment, drinking water provisioning and electricity services within the framework of one multi-service contract.
The Convention on Biological Diversity is a global response to the threat. Its strategies and targets are important for driving national environmental programs and action. It is evident that the global community at present fall short in delivering on the current commitments. The upcoming Conference Of the Parities in November will be of crucial importance in taking stock on the current targets, the so called Aichi targets, and negotiate new post 2020 targets.
* There is a great need to better market and communicate the value of biodiversity for development and form transformative alliances.
* To reach goals, such as those specified in the Convention for Biodiversity, we need to set realistic targets, take stock and evaluate and substantially stepping up acting upon them.